Bipolar disorder is a situation whereby a person experiences extreme shifts in mood. Patients can experience extremely elevated mood known as mania; they could also experience some episodes of depression. People with this condition usually have trouble with daily tasks at school or work. Also, they have trouble maintaining relationships at times.
Bipolar disorder has no known cure, although there are varieties of treatments available for people with this condition that will help them manage the symptoms experienced.
We have three different types of bipolar disorder
Medications can help people with bipolar disorder manage the symptoms that come with it. There are several medicines that can help stabilize mood swings. Here we have a list of some medications that can be used to treat bipolar disorder symptoms.
Commonly used in the UK as the main treatment for episodes of mania and depression. It is a long-term treatment and the prescription usually lasts at least 6 months. Dosage must be taken correctly for this medication to be effective and patients may experience some side effects if taken wrongly. Side effects include diarrhoea and getting sick. You should inform your doctor if you experience any side effects of using lithium. Regular blood tests are needed to be done every 3 months while taking lithium. This will confirm if the lithium levels are at optimum. This and antipsychotic medicine aripiprazole are the only medicines that
This drug has proven effective in treating symptoms of bipolar disorder. Although, it is not usually prescribed to pregnant women or women of childbearing age due to the high risk of physical defects in babies. Such defects include heart abnormalities, cleft lip, and spina bifida. The child may also be at risk of some developmental problems, which include but not limited to poor speaking and understanding, memory problems, lower intellectual abilities. You can use this drug if there is no alternative or if it is unlikely you respond to any other treatment after being assessed.
It might be prescribed only after consulting an expert in bipolar disorder. Doses are administered slowly and then gradually increased. Your progress would have to be closely monitored if you are on any other medication. When you begin the usage of carbamazepine, blood tests would be carried out to check your liver and kidney function and another one would be carried out after 6 months.
They include olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, and aripiprazole. Antipsychotic medicines are commonly used as a long-term mood stabilizer and they are very useful when symptoms are severe. The initial dose is usually low due to the fact that they cause side effects which include dry mouth, constipation, and blurred vision.