Depression is a major force in everybody’s life and is very normal. People go through all kinds of pressure that end up stressing them out causing anxiety and if not checked depression. There are many ways of dealing with depression. Using medication for depression is one of them.
Using medication for depression means treating depression using medical drugs. The medication helps to prevent and treat the symptoms of depression such as anxiety and restlessness. It also provides the brain with chemicals used as neurotransmitters which are chemical messengers of the brain that affect our emotions.
So, let us explore some of the best medication for depression otherwise known as antidepressants
These types of antidepressants are tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants. The category names are from the number of rings in their structure. 3 for tri and 4 for tetra. Cyclic antidepressants increase the levels of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. They do this by inhibiting their reuptake or conversion into neurons.
Serotonin and norepinephrine are chemical messengers that help transmit messages between nerve cells in the brain. By increasing their concentration, messages are transmitted efficiently, and this helps to make your mood better. Examples of cyclic antidepressants include amoxapine, doxepin, imipramine, among others.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
These drugs are serotonin specific. Low levels of serotonin in the body mean depression as serotonin regulates happiness and anxiety. Serotonin also regulates sleep and libido. These drugs prevent the reuptake of serotonin thereby increasing its levels in the brain.
This will help improve your mood by making you happier and energetic. SSRIs are commonly used antidepressants because they have fewer side-effects. Some examples of this medication include fluoxetine, sertraline, citalopram, and paroxetine.
Serotonin-Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors
These antidepressants also increase the level of serotonin and noradrenaline in the blood. Noradrenaline affects heart rate, high levels noradrenaline promotes alertness and more energy.
Some examples of these drugs are atomoxetine, milnacipran, and duloxetine. SNRIs are also good at treating anxiety. They have long-term effects compared to SSRIs.
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
There is an enzyme in the body called monoamine oxidase which is responsible for removing serotonin, noradrenaline, and dopamine neurotransmitters. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors or MAOIs inhibit the production of this enzyme. This ensures that the neurotransmitters stay in the body for much longer.
Examples of this kind of medication for depression include phenelzine and selegiline.
Every person reacts differently to a particular medication for depression. This means that the drugs work differently in each person, better for you or worse for another person. Before choosing an antidepressant consult with your doctor so that you know the one that will work better for you.
Also, remember to check the side effects that these antidepressants have. Some antidepressants may make your situation worse than you would have preferred. You should also take caution measures if you want to start medical anti-depression treatment. For example, if you are pregnant, if you are taking other medications, and the kind of food you eat.