There are also plenty of over the counter medications that you can get such as ibuprofen and naproxen that can help relieve some of the pain associated with arthritis. As you can see there is no shortage of arthritis medication to choose from and it can be quite confusing trying to figure out which one will work for you. In this article we will take a look at some of the more common types of medications and how they may affect you.
The most commonly prescribed type of medication for arthritis is a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (NSAID). These are also known as NSAIDs and include such popular brand names as ibuprofen, indomethacin, Naproxen and Motrin. These medications are effective in reducing the pain caused by arthritis, but they can also cause gastrointestinal irritation and bleeding. They are best reserved as last resort measures and should only be taken under medical supervision. You should discuss the pros and cons of these medications with your doctor before taking them.
Corticosteroid injections are another common form of arthritis medication. If your doctor decides that your arthritis is so bad that corticosteroids are not going to help you then he may refer you to an osteopathic specialist for surgery. This type of arthritis medication is usually taken to reduce inflammation and lessen pain. It has been successful in reducing joint inflammation and swelling in many cases but the long term effect on the joints is unknown.
Vitamin A has also been used as an arthritis medication for decades. It works by helping your body to produce an abundance of an enzyme called collagen. Collagen toughens the joints and helps make them more resilient. There is a vast array of arthritis medications that contain vitamin A. Some of these include: hydroxychloroquine, sulfamethoxazole, quinolone, prednisone, hydrocortisone and vincristine.
Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs
Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs or DMARDs are a group of anti-inflammatory medications that can be given to patients with rheumatoid arthritis. These can also be given to people with milder forms of Lupus. This type of medication is also effective in fighting severe forms of arthritis and is used to control symptoms such as fever, swelling and shortness of breath.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) work by relieving pain and controlling inflammation. They are not designed to cure arthritis but rather to manage it. These medications do not go through the same extensive research as they’re more commonly known counterparts and are often prescribed according to the doctor’s preference. Common NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, indomethacin, indocetine, ketoprofen, prilosec, rofecoxib and oxaprozin. Some of these have less severe side effects than others and some people are at a higher risk of gastrointestinal complications so it is wise to discuss these risks and possible side effects with your doctor before starting any arthritis medication.
Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs
Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs are another category of arthritis medication. These are usually used only after other non-drug treatments have failed. The purpose of this type of medication is to partially or completely alter the course of disease in an effort to prolong life. These medications may slow joint motions, slow the progression of joint inflammation, prevent joints from swelling and correct problems with gout and bone density.
Some of these medications include celebrex, cortisone, cyclosporine, hghalazine, interferon, methylprednisolone, minocycline, ofloxacin and piroxicam. While they have relatively few side effects, some of these can cause abnormalities in liver function and kidney functions.
There are a number of factors that determine what arthritis medication will be best for each individual. These include the types of arthritis and the amount of time you expect to have symptoms. It is important to know your medical history as well as what medications other individuals are taking before deciding on a course of treatment. Some medications are specifically meant to treat arthritis while others can help reduce the inflammation associated with it. When in doubt, consult your doctor or pharmacist to find out if a particular medication is appropriate for you.