Prescription drugs are one of the most commonly used drugs in the world. Each year, millions of people purchase prescription drugs from their doctor or pharmacist. People take prescription drugs to treat common conditions such as acne, high blood pressure, depression, and arthritis. Many people also take prescription drugs to help them manage symptoms of these conditions, or to help them deal with the discomfort associated with them. However, some people do not require a prescription for these drugs, and for these people it can be just as easy to buy OTC drugs instead of prescription drugs.
One of the most common prescription drugs that people obtain through their doctors or pharmacists is called an analgesic. An analgesic is a chemical that has a morphine-like effect on the brain. There are many different types of these medications, including non-benzodiazepine analgesics, benzodiazepine analgesics, and opioids. Non-benzodiazepine analgesics include the most popular types of painkillers, including codeine, hydrocodone, and oxycodone. These medications work by reducing the brain’s release of certain chemicals, which block pain signals in the brain.
Another type of prescription drug, hydrocodone, works by decreasing the amount of hydrocodone that can enter the bloodstream after a patient uses a medicine. When hydrocodone is taken by mouth, the amount of the drug reaches the system much faster, which makes the high feel longer. Similarly, a patient can get high doses of oxycodone, which makes it easier for them to become addicted to the medication. Other common medications available over the counter, including most cough and cold remedies, are also available without a prescription, and can have nearly identical effects.
Pain relievers such as codeine, hydrocodone, and morphine are usually only available by prescription, because they are highly addictive. Codeine and hydrocodone cause both physical as well as psychological dependence, making it difficult for patients to stop using the medication. Opioids, such as morphine, are not as addictive, but also can be deadly when used improperly or combined with other prescription drugs.
Prescription Drugs Facts
Although most prescription drugs are not physically addictive, many can become habit forming if they are used on a regular basis. The most widely used type of habit forming drugs, such as alcohol and heroin, are typically either listed under the term “stimulants,” or are considered “party drugs.” These pills can be purchased legally over the counter from any drug store, without a prescription, and can bring someone, especially someone who is not used to taking pills, into a state of unawareness to their actions. Stimulants like codeine can often produce unexpected results, such as death.
Another way that people start to develop addiction to prescription drugs is through abuse and addiction to prescription medications themselves. People become addicted by taking a new medication for a symptom that they are experiencing, usually something that is highly addictive. Doctors sometimes will prescribe two separate medications in order to treat a particular ailment. The first may be highly addictive, while the second is not. When the first one is not working properly, people may try the second one to provide relief, which can lead to addiction.
Other prescription drugs that are frequently abused are analgesics, including both Codeine and opioid analgesics like oxycodone, morphine, and hydrocodone. If doctors decide to change the dosage of a specific drug, users can become extremely dependent upon them. It takes a very long time for users to become tolerant to a drug, and eventually it becomes almost impossible to function without it. For example, taking Codeine once in order to feel the same effect as taking it twenty-four hours a day can lead to Codeine abuse, where in users need to take the drug throughout the day in order to maintain the same high. Unfortunately, this is not limited to Codeine, but applies to all prescription drugs. It also includes other opioids like Dilaudid, Percodan, and hydrocodone.
Other prescription drugs that have been misused include antibiotics and antidepressants. Antibiotics are often prescribed to treat infections that do not respond to traditional treatment methods. However, if these drugs are used too often or for longer than is necessary, there is a good chance that a patient will suffer with side effects, such as brain disorders or even an overdose. Antidepressants are usually prescribed to help patients deal with depression and other mental problems, but they can also cause memory loss, nausea, and dizziness, amongst other things.