Natural remedies, almost 80% of people global depends on it. Herbal medicines were used since the dawn of human existence. And this provides supernatural remedies to any disease!
Natural Remedies – Safety Issues:
Even today, there are misunderstanding and prejudice about herbal medicines. Although there are shreds of evidence that show herbal medicine helps to cure diseases. Of course, there are side effects of using botanical products.
Herbal Remedies Are Drugs
Advertisers say that herbal medicine originated from nature, and it contains no toxins. Such notions misdirect people with less or no knowledge about medicine. However, Herbal medicines have a lower risk compared with laboratory produce drugs. Exaggerated propaganda and ignorance in people have created fear and prejudice about herbal medicine. Moreover, before employing any medication, safety measures must be enforced.
Herbal Remedies Are Safer
According to a famous Chinese saying, “all medicines have their side effects”. Any effective drug might create harmful reactions; herbal medicines are not exceptional in this case. However, one must take herbal medicine by the appropriate dosage. For instance, the toxicity of Radix Bupleuri Chinensis in Japan has alarmed the whole world.
Safety Issues Of Herbal Medicine
The risks of using herbal medicine include intrinsic toxicity and external toxicity. However, the risks might also include allergy, rashes, cough, sniffing, redness, itching. In addition to that, the herbs might cause nausea.
Herb-Drug Interaction is another factor that increases the risk of using botanical remedies. Moreover, Herbal medicine contains a variety of phytochemicals that react with each other. Herbal drugs interaction often leads to adverse effects.
Evidence Of Functionality Of Natural Remedies
However, herbal medicines contain plenty of secondary metabolites. Secondary metabolites are often referred to as phytochemicals (Phyto means plant). The phytochemicals include terpene, alkaloid, tannin, plant steroids, etc. Moreover, these phytochemicals play a significant role in curing disease. Here are some examples –
Catechine, a form of tannin, found from the beetle nut, helps to cure toothaches.
Azadirachtin, an anti-bacterial found in Azadirachta indica, helps to kill bacteria.
Vinblastin and Vincristine found in Vinca rosea, help to cure cancer.
Taxol, found in Taxus baccarat, helps to cure breast cancer.
Aconite, found in Aconitum helps to cure cough, pneumonia, fever.
Quinine helps to cure malaria.
However, Kurchine, an alkaloid, extracted from Hollarhen antidysenterica, helps to cure dysentery, irritable bowel movement (IBS).
Acacia catechu, a source of catechine (alkaloid) helps to lessen pain.
moreover, Cannabinoid found from Cannabis indica. Cannabis sativa helps to lessen pain. In addition to this, the cannabinoid work as a recreational drug. Cannabinoid also reported curing cancer. However, the tumor treating the property of cannabinoid is still under investigation.
Morphine, found in Papaver somniferum, cures insomnia.
However, Berberine found in Oregon plant. It helps to cure inflammatory diseases including irritable bowel syndrome, psoriasis, inflammatory arthritis, etc.
In addition to this, Tomatine, found in tomato. It is used to cure several diseases.
Herbal Medicines And Nanoparticle –
However, herbal medication, when delivered with the nanoparticle, act better. Nanoparticles work as cargo to provide the medicine at the region of interest. Moreover, nanoparticle increases the efficacy of herbal medicine.